Chairman: Deacon Lonnie Harris
The Deacons Ministry serve the Lord by conducting the caring ministry of the church-doing the benevolence work, visiting the sick, being alert to the spiritual needs of the congregation-for the purposes of freeing the pastoral staff to focus on prayer and the ministry of the Word, promoting unity within the church, and facilitating the spread of the gospel.
Biblical Guidance on the Office of Deacon
Deacons and Elders Are the Two Distinct Offices in a New Testament Church
The two New Testament offices are mentioned together in Philippians 1:1 and in 1st Timothy 3 — bishops and deacons. In 1st Timothy 3 the qualifications are spelled out for the two offices, bishops in verses 1-7, and deacons in verse 8-13. The qualifications are similar, but not identical. For example, the bishop is required to be “able to teach” whereas the deacon does not have that expectation. The differences in title and qualifications mean that the offices are distinct.
The term “bishop” is translated overseer in some translations. It is the word from which we get our word “episcopal” which means, “to look upon, inspect, oversee, look after, care for” and refers to “the care of the church which rested upon the elders.” The term is used interchangeably with “elder” and “shepherd” (i.e. pastor) in Acts 20 and 1st Peter 5. There is no question about the authority of the office: “Let the elders who rule well be counted worthy of double honor, especially those who labor in the word and doctrine” (1st Timothy 5:17 NKJV)
Three facts stand out:
- Deacons and Elders are the offices in the church. The offices are distinct. Elders are not deacons. Deacons are not elders.
- The terms, Elder, Pastor (shepherd), and Overseer (bishop) are used synonymously in the New Testament.
- In the New Testament, elders had the role of the general oversight of the church.
In the original language, the word, Deacon, means Servant
The title itself, is as descriptive as any job description could be. In the Bible, words have meanings and the word “deacon” means servant. Here is how the word has been defined in its various forms:
- “Diakoneo and its derivatives, as their etymology suggests, are used mainly for personal help to others.
- “Diakonia is found 34 times in the NT. It means service at the table in Lk. 10:40; Acts 6:1, etc.”
- “Diakanos is found 29 times in the NT. Its primary meaning is one who serves at tables.”
The Office of Deacon Was Created for the Purpose of Handling the Benevolence Ministry
The Biblical account is quite clear on the founding of the deaconship and nowhere does Scripture repeal the original purpose:
“NOW ABOUT this time, when the number of the disciples was greatly increasing, complaint was made by the Hellenists (the Greek-speaking Jews) against the Hebrews because their widows were being overlooked and neglected in the daily ministration (distribution of relief). So the Twelve [apostles] convened the multitude of the disciples and said, ‘It is not seemly or desirable or right that we should have to give up or neglect [preaching] the Word of God in order to attend to serving at tables and superintending the distribution of food. Therefore select out from among yourselves, brethren, seven men of good and attested character a nd repute, full of the [Holy] Spirit and wisdom, whom we may assign to look after this business and duty.’” Acts 6:1-3 (Amplified)
The Office of Deacon Was Established to Free the Apostles (who functioned as the first pastors) to Pray and to Prepare to Minister the Word
The Apostles, in dealing with the benevolence ministry problem at the Jerusalem church, told the congregation that,
“It is not desirable that we should leave the word of God and serve tables. Therefore, brethren, seek out from among you seven men of good reputation, full of the Holy Spirit and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business; but we will give ourselves continually to prayer and to the ministry of the word.” Acts 6:2-4 (NKJV)
The Early Deacons Were Selected for Their Spiritual Qualifications
1st Timothy 3 and Acts 6 expound the qualifications for the office of deacons; the later contains what could fairly be called the “core qualifications”:
- “Men of good reputation, full of the Holy Spirit and wisdom” — Acts 6:3
- “And they chose Stephen, a man full of faith and the Holy Spirit” — Acts 6:5
Often, when someone is discussed as a possible deacon one hears a remark such as, “He attends regularly and is a good giver.” But God is looking at men with an internal dynamic, which cannot be determined in a superficial way.
Deacons Are to Be Capable of Serving the Lord in Spiritual Ways
The original seven deacons were people who were able to serve the Lord in ways which were more spiritual in nature than merely delivering food. Stephen was a man of spiritual power: “And Stephen, full of faith and power, did great wonders and signs among the people” (Acts 6:8 NJKV). Philip was not only a deacon, but also was gifted in evangelism (Acts 8:5-7).
The Office of Deacon Requires a Firm Grasp of Sound Doctrine
A church is content oriented. It is a doctrinally driven community, built upon truth. Every member should have this approach in this fellowship; leaders such as deacons, not less but, more so. “They must possess the mystic secret of the faith [Christian truth as hidden from ungodly men] with a clear conscience” Acts 6:9 (Amplified)
The Presence of Deacons Should Advance the Unity of a Church
When the Apostles laid out the plan for the creation of this office, “The saying pleased the whole multitude” (Acts 6:5 NKJV). The complaints about the benevolence ministry stopped. And the complaints were by the Greek speaking Jews, the Hebrew speaking Jews obviously bent over backwards to preserve the church’s unity, for all the men selected had Greek names. It is still true today: Any time a church has deacons who are properly doing their jobs, the church is more likely to be at unity.
The Presence of Deacons Should Advance the Cause of Evangelism
The immediate impact of the creation of the office of deacon was to eliminate the controversy in the church and to get the church back on course in fulfilling its mission. The Bible says that, “Then the word of God spread, and the number of the disciples multiplied greatly in Jerusalem, and a great many of the priests were obedient to the faith” (Acts 6:8 NKJV). Again, it is still true. When a church has deacons who are in God’s will, the cause of world evangelization will be aided.